Anadenanthera

Generell information

Släkte i familjen Fabaceae.

Innehåller främst bufotenin. Används i en traditionell beredning som kallas Yopo.

Arter

Om innehållet

Considerable chemical work on Anadenanthera shows conclusively and consistently that bufotenine is the only significant alkaloid in mature seeds of both species used for snuffs (Torres & Repke 1996; de Smet & Rivier 1987; Sdvio Nunes et al. 1987; Rend6n 1984; Schultes et al. 1977; Yamasato 1972; Chagnon, Le Quesne & Cook 1971; Fellows & Bell 1971; Holmstedt & Lindgren 1967; Paris, Saint-Firmin & Etchepare 1967; lacobucci & Rdveda 1964; Giesbrecht 1960; Pachter, Zacharias & Ribeiro 1959; Alvares Pereira 1957; Fish, Johnson & Horning 1955; Stromberg 1954).

Up to 7.4% bufotenine has been found in seeds of A. peregrina var. peregrina, only 0.04% 5-MeO-DMT and 0.16% DMT;

12.4% bufotenine in A. colubrina var. Cebil, with but 0.06% and traces of both tryptamines, respectively.

Seven studies of 15 samples of Anadenanthera snuffs likewise showed bufotenine to be the only tryptamine present in significant amounts (up to 2.67%, with only traces of 5-MeO-DMT and DMT) (Torres et al. 1991; de Smet & Rivier 1985; Schultes et al. 1977; De Budowski et al. 1974; Holmstedt & Lindgren 1967; MariniBettblo, Delle Monache & Biocca 1964; Fish, Johnson & Horning 1955).
— Pharmacology of Bufotenine av Jonathan Ott[1]

Ämne Växtdel
5-Methoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine Bark
Serotonin N/A
N-Methyl-serotonin N/A
5-Methoxy-N-methyltryptamine Bark
Bufotenin Frön, bark
Bufotenine N-oxide Frön
N,N-Dimethyltryptamine Frön, fröskidor, bark
N,N-Dimethyltryptamine-N-oxide Frön
N-Methyltryptamine Bark
2-Methyl-6-methoxy-1,2,3-tetrahydro-9H-pyrido[3,4-b]indole N/A
2-Methyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-9H-pyrido[3,4-b]indole N/A
1,2-Dimethyl-6-methoxy-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-9H-pyrido[3,4-b]indole N/A

Källa: [2]

Indoler i Anadenanthera

Odling

Se den separata artikeln om odling av Anadenanthera

Externa länkar

  1. Pharmacology of Bufotenine av Jonathan Ott
  2. Anadenanthera: Visionary Plant of Ancient South America By Constantino Manuel Torres, David B. Repke

Psychotropic Plants In the Americas av Jan-Åke Alvarsson och Åke Hultkrantz

Erowid Anadenanthera (Yopo) Vault

Native hallucinogenic drugs piptadenias (Anadenanthera) by Granier-Doyeux

Om bruket av hallucinogena snuser av sydamerikanskt ursprung av S. Henry Wassén, Medicinsk Historisk Årsbok 1969

Use and traditional management of Anadenanthera colubrina (Vell.) Brenan in the semi-arid region of northeastern Brazil (Marcelino Monteiro, 2006)

Odling av Anadenanthera colubrina

Anadenanthera: Visionary Plant of Ancient South America Bok.

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